Types of rug
While it’s one thing to produce and dye the yarn, the true beauty a rug lies in its construction. Throughout the centuries cultures and civilisations from across the globe have contributed their own style of producing rugs, with a number of these designs still in evidence in our collection today alongside pieces that use the latest manufacturing processes. Many of the rugs sold at Heal’s are made by hand, focusing on the craft that goes into each individual thread.
Knotted: Often slightly more expensive due to their labour intensive production process, knotted rugs are a worthwhile investment thanks to their strength and durability. Traditional Middle Eastern rugs are a classic example of how using different coloured threads can create complex patterns, with the quality of a knotted rug determined by the thread count per square inch - the higher the number of knots, the more intricate the design.
Tufted: Comfortable under foot, tufted rugs are crafted by punching strands of wool onto a stretched canvas frame before finishing with a fabric backing to hold the pile in place. Hard-wearing over time, the soft feel and smooth texture of a tufted rug is perfect for projecting complex patterns and designs – think unusual shapes, painterly lines, and bright, contrasting colours.
Woven: Crafted either by hand or using a traditional loom-weaving process, woven rugs are often made from a cotton blend that not only makes them long-lasting but also more affordable. The neat alignment of threads make woven rugs ideal for reproducing geometric patterns - a tight weave allows for a greater level of detail, both in terms of the pattern and the mix of colours, while using thick strands of material can provide an interesting texture that stands out.